FRANK, ILYA MIKHAILOVICH

FRANK, ILYA MIKHAILOVICH
FRANK, ILYA MIKHAILOVICH (1908–1990), Russian Nobel laureate in physics. Frank, whose father was Jewish, was born in St. Petersburg (formerly Leningrad), graduated from Moscow State University in 1930, and received his doctorate in physico-mathematical sciences in 1935. He worked in the State Optical Institute in St. Petersburg (1931–34), followed by the P.N. Lebedev Institute of the U.S.S.R. Academy of Sciences. From 1941 he was in charge of the Atomic Nucleus Laboratory, becoming professor in 1944, and in 1957 he also became director of the Neutron Laboratory of the Joint Institute of Nuclear Investigations. He was a specialist in physical optics and his early interests concerned photoluminescence and photochemistry. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1958 (jointly with Pavel Alekseyevich Cherenkov and Igor Yevgenyevich Tamm) for his work on the Vavilov-Cherenkov effect, which concerns light emission by radioactive compounds. Solving the physical basis for this "glow" has had important applications in plasma physics, astrophysics, and radio wave generation. His later work concerned neutron physics. (Michael Denman (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Frank , Ilya Mikhailovich — (1908–1990) Russian physicist. See Cherenkov, Pavel Alekseyevich …   Scientists

  • Ilya Frank — Infobox Scientist box width = name = Ilya Mikhailovich Frank image size = caption = birth date = Birth date|1908|10|23 birth place = death date = Death date and age|1990|6|22|1908|10|23 death place = residence = citizenship = nationality =… …   Wikipedia

  • Frank — /frangk/, n. 1. a member of a group of ancient Germanic peoples dwelling in the regions of the Rhine, one division of whom, the Salians, conquered Gaul about A.D. 500, founded an extensive kingdom, and gave origin to the name France. 2. (in the… …   Universalium

  • List of Russians — This is a list of people associated with Imperial Russia, the Soviet Union, and Russia of today. For a long time Russia has been a multinational country, and many people of different ethnicity contributed to its culture, to its glory, and to its… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Nobel laureates by country — Laureates of the Nobel Prize listed by country. Listings for Economics refer to the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences. The Nobel prize has been awarded 853 times, of which 23 awards were to organizations.[1] The present list ranks… …   Wikipedia

  • Russian Academy of Sciences — s headquarters Established 1724 President Yury Sergeevich Osipov Address Leninsky prospekt 14 …   Wikipedia

  • Pueblo judío — «Judía» redirige aquí. Para la planta, véase phaseolus vulgaris. Pueblo judío יהודים (Yehudim) Albert Einstein • Maimónides • Golda Meir • Emma Lazarus …   Wikipedia Español

  • 1958 — This article is about the year 1958. Millennium: 2nd millennium Centuries: 19th century – 20th century – 21st century Decades: 1920s  1930s  1940s  – 1950s –  1960s   …   Wikipedia

  • List of malacologists — American malacologists at a Washington meeting in 1914. Bryant Walker (1856 1936) (back left), George Hubbard Clapp (1858–1949), Truman Heminway Aldrich (1848 1932), John Brooks Henderson Jr. (1870 1923) (back right), Henry Augustus Pilsbry (1862 …   Wikipedia

  • Igor Tamm — Infobox Scientist name = Igor Tamm box width = imagesize = 180px caption = Igor Tamm birth date = July 8 1895 birth place = Vladivostok, Russian Empire death date = April 12 1971 death place = MoscowRussia nationality = Russia field = Physics… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”